Alternates of the Medicinal and Aromatic Plants for Future Industrial Demand, Development, and Conceivable Conservation
Keywords:Alternatives, Ayurveda, Conservation, Phytoconstituents, Raw Drugs, Taxonomy
Introduction: Natural habitats of the medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) are declining due to unsustainable collection, high demand, and high volume and continuous supply of the raw materials, and most recently due to global and regional climatic changes. Hence, there is a high need to alternate the original species in terms of plants and plant part use.
Materials and Methods: Alternatives/substitution of an Ayurvedic, genuine, and grantha based, as per Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India species are studied and analyzed with taxonomical and phytochemicals points of view such as Rasa, Guna, Veerya, Vipaka, and Prabhava versus species, genus, family, and order along with bioactive chemical markers.
Results and Discussion: Some of the RET, MAPs are belong to monotypic genus and some are also belong to IUCN red list category: Aconitum chasmanthum Stapf. ex Holmes, Aegle marmelos L., Aquilaria agallocha Roxb., Berberis aristata DC., Cissampelos pareira L., Commiphora wightii (Arnott) Bhandari, Embelia ribes (Burm.) F., Gmelina arborea Roxb., Hemidesmus indicus (L.) R. Br., Hydnocarpus kurzii (King) Warb, Nardostachys grandiflora Wall. ex DC., Oroxylum indicum (L.) Kurz, Picrorhiza kurrooa Royle, Pterocarpus santalinus L. f., Saraca asoca (Roxb.) Wild, Stereospermum suaveolens (Roxb.) DC, Swertia chirayita (Roxb. ex Flem.) Karst and Tecomella undulata (Sm.) Seems has been suggested for possible alternates with the plants and plant part use. Selection of substitution may be regional or disease-wise in particular but in general whole plants substitution required comprehensive study on botanical aspects, active phytoconstituents, biological active markers, and pharmacological activity